7 Richest Countries in Africa by GDP

Welcome to an exploration of the richest countries on the African continent. In this article, we present the economic landscapes of Africa’s richest countries, examining the factors driving their prosperity and development. Beyond the surface of the abundant natural resources, we uncover the magnificent web of industries and investments shaping their success. Join us as we uncover the stories of growth, challenges, and potential that define the richest countries in Africa.

7th Ghana at 77.59 billion USD

Ghana’s economic development over the years has been a tale of progress and resilience. Through prudent economic policies and reforms, the nation has achieved significant growth and stability. Embracing diversification, Ghana’s main exports include gold, cocoa and timber.

Other exports include tuna, manganese and diamonds. Its main exports partners are Netherlands, Burkina Faso, South Africa and United Kingdom. In addition, foreign direct investments have surged, fostering industrialization and modernization.

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6th Tanzania at 67.84 billion USD

As of September 2021, Tanzania’s economy was considered one of the fastest-growing economies in East Africa. It is a diverse and resource-rich nation with agriculture, mining, tourism, and manufacturing sectors being the key drivers of its economic growth.

Tanzania’s exports are mainly agricultural commodities like¬†tobacco, cotton, coffee, cloves and tea. Other exports include gold and manufactured goods. Tanzania’s main export partners are China, India, United Arab Emirates, Netherlands and Germany.


5th Angola at 67.4 billion USD

Angola’s economy is heavily dependent on its oil sector. Oil accounts for a significant portion of its GDP and government revenue. The country is one of Africa’s major oil producers, and petroleum exports play a crucial role in its economic performance. Apart from oil, Angola possesses exports small quantities of diamonds, coffee, sisal and fish. Angola main exports partners are China, followed by the United States, India, France, South Africa and Canada.


4th Kenya at 110.3 billion USD

Kenya’s economy is characterized by its diversity and potential for growth. Agriculture is a significant sector, providing employment to a majority of the population and contributing a substantial share to the country’s GDP. Key agricultural products include tea, coffee, horticultural products, and cut flowers.

In addition, Kenya is a popular tourist destination, known for its breathtaking landscapes and diverse wildlife, attracting visitors for safari adventures and beach holidays along the Indian Ocean coastline.

Kenya’s manufacturing sector has been growing steadily, focusing on food processing, textiles, cement, and consumer good.

Also Read: The 6 cleanest cities in Africa


3rd Ethiopia at 111.3 billion USD


Ethiopia’s economy is one of the fastest growing in Africa. The country’s economy primarily relies on agriculture, with coffee being a significant export commodity. Ethiopia is making efforts to diversify its economy by focusing on manufacturing, textiles, and other industrial sectors. The authorities have investing in infrastructure projects to improve transportation and energy, which further supports economic development.

Additionally, Ethiopia’s strategic location has made it a hub for trade and investment in the Horn of Africa region. However, challenges like poverty, political instability, and access to finance still posed obstacles to sustainable economic growth.

Ethiopia main exports are gold and coffee. Other exports include live animals, oilseeds, and flowers. Ethiopia main export partner is Switzerland mainly for export of gold.


2nd South Africa at 419 billion USD

South Africa has the most developed and diversified economy on the African continent. It is a middle-income country with a mix of modern industries, well-established infrastructure, and a vibrant services sector. Its economy is driven by various sectors which include mining, manufacturing, agriculture, and financial services.

Mining plays a crucial role, with South Africa being a major producer of platinum, gold, and other minerals. Despite its economic strength, the country faces challenges such as high unemployment, income inequality, and the need for continued economic transformation to address historical disparities.


1st Nigeria at 440.8 billion USD

At Number 1 is Nigeria Africa’s most populous country with the largest economy on the continent. Its economy is primarily driven by the oil and gas industry, which accounts for the largest portion of its GDP and export revenues.

Aside from oil, Nigeria is also rich in natural resources, including solid minerals and agriculture, which contribute to its economic diversity. However, the country faces challenges such as corruption, inadequate infrastructure, and economic inequality. Efforts are being made to diversify the economy and promote sectors like manufacturing, services, and information technology to reduce dependency on oil and foster sustainable growth.

Also Read: The 6 cleanest cities in Africa